Thursday, May 1, 2014

Imam Nawawi's 2nd Hadith

Presented by: Sister Sara

Hadith 2: Islam, Iman, Ihsan

Also on the authority of 'Umar, radiyallahu 'anhu, who said: hadith02arabic.gif
While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him.
He sat down close by the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, rested his knee against his thighs, and said, O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam." Said the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, "Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity save Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it)." Said he (the man), "You have spoken truly."
We were astonished at his thus questioning him and telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, "Inform me about iman (faith)." He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, "It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects." He said, "You have spoken truly."
Then he (the man) said, "Inform me about Ihsan." He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, " It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you." He said, "Inform me about the Hour." He (the Messenger of Allah) said, "About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner." So he said, "Well, inform me about the signs thereof (i.e. of its coming)." Said he, "They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress, that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings." Thereupon the man went off.
I waited a while, and then he (the Messenger of Allah) said, "O 'Umar, do you know who that questioner was?" I replied, "Allah and His Messenger know better." He said, "That was Jibril. He came to teach you your religion.

Commentary Summary

Written commentary compiled by volunteers utilizing Sh. Jamaal Diwan's audio commentary above and English translation of Ibn Daqiq Al-Id's commentary on The Forty Hadith of Imam al-Nawawi.

The Significance of this Hadith

This hadith includes within it all outwardly actions and inwardly beliefs. The sciences of the Sharia’ return back to this hadith due to it encompassing knowledge of the Sunnah. Hence, some of the scholars have termed this hadith the Mother or Core of the Sunnah, just as Surah al-Fatiha has been termed the Mother or Core of the Qur'aan, due to it containing the entire Message of the Qur'an.
This hadith is also known as Hadith Jibreel (Angel Gabriel) (as). The hadith tells the story of Jibreel (as) when he came to the Prophet (sas), asking a set of questions. The Prophet (sas) responded to those questions and then addressed his companions. There is a door called “Baab Jibreel” at Masjid An-Nabawi in Madina. It is known as the door that Jibreel (as) came in to ask the Prophet (sas) these questions.


It is very important for du’aat (Islamic workers ) to be aware of their surroundings, and to recognize what’s going on around them so they can act appropriately. Umar (ra) noticed that a well-kept individual with clean clothes, whom he didn’t know, entered the Masjid with no trace of travel on him. Umar (ra) was conscious; he could sense that this man was not an ordinary man, nor a man from “around town.”
The da’wah, the call to Islam, is very much predicated upon the building of relationships with people. The people who care about inviting others to Islam and spreading the deen of Allah (swt), should notice what’s going on around them. They should notice when someone new comes into the masjid. They should notice if someone is left out or if someone is sitting by him or herself. Then they can proceed from there in terms of figuring out how to deal with that situation. The call towards the deen of Allah is predicated upon brotherhood, sisterhood, love for the sake of Allah; and that requires paying attention to the situations of people around us.


Jibreel (as) came dressed in a very nice and clean way. He sat in front of the Prophet (pbuh) in a very respectful and humble way. There are many things that the scholars took from this Hadith in terms of seeking knowledge. Among the etiquettes of seeking knowledge is students should have decent apparel, they should look clean as much as possible. Moreover, they should show a high level of respect towards their teachers.

Outward Actions & Inward Beliefs

Jibreel (as) turns to the Prophet (sas) and says, “Tell me about Islam”. The Prophet’s answer was centered around outward actions. Then he asks him about iman and the Prophet’s answer focused on internal actions of belief and of thought.
Islam and iman are interchangeable concepts revolved around the five pillars of action and the six foundations of belief. When Islam and iman are mentioned together in the same place, then Islam refers to the outward actions and iman refers to the inward beliefs.
Belief manifests itself. The scholars say that a belief lives in the heart and shows itself on the actions and on the tongue. For example, the Prophet (sas) said that the Muslim is the person who the people are safe from his hands and his tongue. And the believer is the one who people trust him with their wealth and themselves.

The Big Three: Islam, Iman, & Ihsan

Scholars consider Islam, Iman and Ihsan the three stages in the path towards Allah (swt). The first path is you force yourself and bring yourself to do those actions which you know that Allah wants you to do. The second level is iman where you are not only doing those actions, but you are strengthening your relationship with Allah (swt) and you’re beginning to taste the sweetness of your relationship with Allah. The third level is the level of Ihsan, which is to worship Allah as if you see Him, and even if you cannot see Him, to know that He sees you. So, you are moving in this path, this journey, towards the Divine. And in doing so, it’s getting more and more intense.

The Hour

When Jibreel asked the Prophet (sas) about the hour, He said, “The one who is being asked about it is not more knowledgeable about it than the one who is asking.” Here, the Prophet (sas) is saying, this is something that Allah (swt) keeps to Himself and it is part of the “ghayb” (unseen). This is an important lesson because it doesn’t matter when the Day of Judgment is, what really matters is what and how we are preparing for it. We should be continuously striving to please Allah and seek his forgiveness.

The Signs

The next question was, “So, tell me about it’s signs, tell me about the things that will occur”. These signs are considered as warnings. The Prophet (sas) gave two signs to this particular hadith of the end of time. One of them is, “the slave woman will give birth to her master,” and the tense is feminine so it is referring to her female master.
One of the interpretations that relates to modern time would be: The one who gives birth is supposed to be in power, or have some sort of level or authority over the one who she gives birth to. But this here is a flipping of the scale. The one who gives birth becomes the servant of the one who is born. Whereas before, the child would respect, honor and listen to their parents. Now it’s the complete opposite, and if you look around, you will see it. You see and feel as if the parents are slaves to the children. Parents desperately trying to please their children, and moms are trying to imitate their daughters.
The second sign; is the person will see barefooted, lightly dressed, and poor people who are shepherds. They will see these people competing with one another in their buildings. The point here is you have these people who don’t have anything, they are very poor. Then suddenly the situation changes for them, and they are competing with one another over who can build the tallest building. They are competing to see who has the nicest car, the latest gadgets, etc.

Bounty of Allah

In the end, all of this is from the blessings of Allah (swt). Allah (swt) gives us so much and rather than being humble and grateful in front of Allah, we are arrogant and think that it is all from us. Righteousness, putting full effort and trying one's best will all eventually lead to success and wealth. But at the end of the day, we still have to acknowledge that no matter how much effort we put in, our wealth and success will always be in the hands and bounty of Allah. So, being successful and having wealth should give us more reasons to increase our humility and increase our gratitude towards our Lord.

Islam, Iman and Ihsan

Presented by: Sister May

Created for a noble purpose and that is to worship Allah 51:56
I have not created man and jinn except to worship me.

There are 4 aspect of why we worship Allah
1.       Why do we worship Allah–
2.       How do we worship him –
3.       What do we do -
4.       Primary levels of worship –
1 -  Why – most people would say because God has bestowed favors on me. This is not the primary reason. Yes we should thank him as this is a way of worship but the primary reason we worship him is because of who Allah is and not who we are. Because he alone deserves to be worshiped. He is perfect and we are not. We acknowledge his perfection by worshiping him. So when asked why do we worship Allah, the correct answer is we worship him because he is worthy of that worship. He is worthy before this creation and after all is destroyed. Sub7anahu wata3ala. Even our prophet peace be upon him would say in his sujud in the middle of the night, “oh Allah how exalted are you I can never do justice in praising you.” Our best example!

The angels were created thousands of years ago, they have no free will and worship constantly day and night without food or drink or rest. In the hereafter the angels will say “oh Allah we have not worshiped you the way you deserve to be worshiped.” The more you learn about Allah swt through his beautiful names it helps us worship him better because we learn more about who he is. We want janah and protection from hellfire. Sure those can be reasons but not the primary reason, Allah swt says that we wouldn’t be able to count the blessings anyway. Even if he didn’t create us he will still be worthy of worship.
He is created for who he is and that’s the primary reason everything else is secondary.

2 - How – he is worshiped by beliefs , statements and actions. Once the Prophet asked the sa7abeh to ask questions about their religion. They were shy to ask, so Allah swt sent Jibreel in a human form. He asked:    What is Iman- 6 pillars of faith - What is Islam-5 pillars  One God, Praying, Fasting, Hajj and Zakat; what is I7san- worship Allah as though you see him even if you don’t see him he sees you.
These are the fundamental basics of our religion.
3.   What do we do – how do we perfect the prayer and be better Muslims. There are many ways but the best way to increase our consciousness of Allah SWT is by knowledge. This is one way - Seeking knowledge. For example the Prophet said that one person would get up for prayer and only get one tenth of the reward another would get half another would get full another wouldn’t get anything , all are doing the same actions. It has much to do with the inner spirituality, the motivation.

Two aspects of knowledge

I.                    Theory of practice. Learn about how do we pray, read for yourself what the prophet used to do. The more you read the more you will understand why. This will make you more aware, more humble. Gives you a greater connection. He said - Pray as you seen me pray, pray as if it was your last prayer.  -> meaningful prayer by AbdulNasir Janga

II.                  Science – blessing – what is the blessing of fasting, blessing of wuduu. If you study the blessings of wuduu, you won't do wuduu the same way. You won't wake up with your eyes closed, splash some water and quickly pray so that you don’t wake up. When you learn that every drop removes sins, makes you grateful that you are doing wuduu. In the hereafter everyone will be thirsty and the Prophet will be the only one who can invite you to drink and he will recognize the believers from the brightness of their faces because of Wuduu. These are the blessings of the act. It gives us a consciousness of our actions. Best action is to perform wuduu on a cold morning in the open. If you can perfect wuduu under that circumstances that is most beloved to Allah swt.
4. Primary levels of worship – Islam Iman i7san

Muslim, Mu2min, Mu7sin

Muslim- does the bare minimum – just does the fard prayers, only Ramadan, only 2.5% and zakat alfitir, only hajj.

Mu2min-does the bare minimum plus the sunnan, fasts 3 days a month, Mondays Thursdays,  gives extra charity. Mu2min increases his quantity. More charity more prayers and so on.

What makes someone become a mu7sin? Level of Iman to I7san? It’s Not quantity but quality. Mus7sin worships Allah as if he sees him even though he can't see him he knows Allah swt is watching so he is worshiping Allah 24/hours a day. Is that the Level of the angel? Do we need to hide in the mountains and worship all day and night to attain this level and stay away from all the pleasures of this world and eat harsh food? Sub7an Allah did the Prophet or the sahabeh live like this? Of course not! They worshiped Allah and lived their lives. They lived like human beings not like angels.

How do we reach that level if we are human and live like humans? This is what separate the mu2min from the mu7sin. The Mu2min prays fasts goes to halaqas. Has a dichotomy of the world he divides the worldly life from his religious life.  The mu7sin transcends this division. The mu7sin everything becomes religious. This is the beauty of Islam. The mu7sin has a consciousness of Allah he is always thinking of Allah and knows and understands that Allah swt is watching. The Mu7sin thanks Allah swt for his health and knowledge and works to take care of his family for the sake of Allah. When he goes shopping he doesn’t complain he does it with love and care and thanks Allah swt for providing. Sub7an Allah the mu7sin would get rewarded just because he has Allah swt in mind. Smile in peoples faces for Allah swt keeping him in mind.

Muath iben Jabr - Sa7abeh once visited his friends and his friends asked how do you pray your tahajud (morning prayer) .. he said he sleeps, prays and when he sleeps he expects to be rewarded for his sleep just as much as his tahajud.

Again its not quantity it's quality that bridges us from iman to i7san.

Reach iman first then focus on I7san.