Thursday, June 5, 2014

Humility or Submissiveness in Prayer

Presented by: Sister Lamiaa

Humility or Submissiveness in Prayer
My talk today is about Al‐Khushoo’ in prayer, which is full solemnity coupled with humility and submissiveness. Salah is a primary pillar of Islam. The prophet (pbuh) said:
“Verily between man and between polytheism and unbelief is the negligence of prayer”” Muslim.
The prayer has two aspects: The external aspect such as the standing sitting, bowing, prostrating, etc. which makes up the body of the Salaah, and the internal aspect which is Al‐Khushoo’ which makes up the soul or spirit of the prayer. Therefore, the Salaah without the Khushoo’ is a set of empty rituals.
Salah, performed correctly with khushoo' is the key to success and true faith. Allah, (swt), tells us in Surat al Mumaneen:
"Successful indeed are The Believers, those who humble themselves in their prayers” .Qur'an 23:1‐2.
Therefore, if anyone wants to be among those who are successful, then they have to try to achieve the noble characteristic of Al‐Khushoo’ in their Salaah as this is one of the yardsticks to measure whether we are successful or not.
It is when the external and the internal aspects of the Salaah are properly combined that it manifests itself through the personality of the one performing the Salaah as is stated by Allah (swt)
“Verily, Salaah (Prayer) prevents from Al‐Fahshaa (i.e. illegal sexual intercourse) and Al‐Munkar (disbelief, polytheism or every kind of wicked and evil deed).”
[Al ‐’Ankaboot 29:45.]
The above ayah clearly declares that the person who prays should not find within himself any of these two characteristics. This is so because when someone performs Salaah with consciousness and humility, then this Salaah works as a check for him, and in turn helps him to keep away from doing evil deeds.
IBN Al‐Qayyim had said in his book al‐Salah about Al‐Khushoo’ in prayer :
The pleasure which a person whose heart is filled with love for Allah, fear from Him, and glorification of Him, can feel in his prayer, is certainly not like that which a person whose heart is empty and ruined feels. When the first person stands in the prayer, he does so with a tranquil and humble heart, an intact heart that is free of the evil's discrepancies. He will witness with every part of his body the awe of the situation as the light of faith penetrates him, which will remove the barriers of his soul and the smoke of his whims. This wilI prepare him to enjoy the meanings of the Qur'án. His heart will be mingled with the happiness caused by the belief in the facts of Alláh's beautiful names and attribute. His heart will feel their sublimity, perfection, beauty and greatness and the faith in Alláh who with his perfect attributes, is unrivaled. This person gathered all of his thoughts and attention to only think of Allah, thereby he felt the pleasure of being close to Him. Such nearness shall have no equal; the heart entirely resorts to Him. The Lord ~ has drawn close to His servant at first, upon which the servant is pulled with his heart to his Lord. Then the Lord ~ again draws nearer and nearer which makes his servant feel the completeness of his happiness.”
Therefore, to attain humility in prayer, we have to fill our heart with love for Allah, fear of Allah and glorification of him. We have to feel the need of Allah and remove any haughtiness from our hearts. The basis of humility (khushu') is softness, gentleness, tranquility, subservience of the heart. When the heart is humble, all of the limbs and body parts follow it in humility. Because they are followers of it; as the Prophet (pbuh) said,
"Verily there is a small morsel of the body, if it is rectified, the whole body is rectified; and if it is corrupt, the whole body is corrupt. Indeed it is the heart."
It is important to realize that during Salaah, the heart is incapable of desiring both Allah and worldly possessions such as our children, money, etc. simultaneously, this is stated emphatically by Allah. Allah (SWT) said:
“Allah has not put for any man two hearts inside his body...” [Al‐Ahzaab 33:4]
Now, to what is our heart attached when we pray? Is it attached to Allah, or to the worldly things; if it is attached to the latter then clearly our loyalties are in the wrong place. This shows that our love and the attachments of our hearts are directed to the world and whatever is in it. Whereas Allah commands us to love Him i.e. attach ourselves to Him, Allah says:
“Say (O Muhammad): If your fathers, and your sons, and your brothers, and your spouses, and your tribe, and the wealth you have acquired, and the merchandise for which you fear there will be no sale, and the dwellings you desire, are more loved to you than Allah and His Messenger and Jihaad in His way, then wait until Allah brings His command (punishment) to pass...” [At‐Taubah 9:24]
The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:
“...When you pray, do not look here and there because Allah directs His Face towards the face of His ‘abd (worshipper) who is praying, as long as he does not turn away (or look away)” [At‐Tirmidhi and Haakim]
What is the meaning of ‘turning away (or looking away)’?
For the person who is observing prayer it has two meanings:
1) The physical turning away (looking to the right or left or otherwise) during the prayer
2) Turning away from Allah (swt) with the heart i.e. letting one’s concentration be directed to other than the Almighty.
The first of the two types of turning away (i.e. the physical turning away) we can try to control, and achieve. However, the most serious problem for all of us is the turning away with our hearts and directing our concentration on other than Allah during prayer.
Allah (swt) said
“Has not the time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all humility should engage in the remembrance of Allah and the Truth which has been revealed (to them) and that they should not become like those to whom was given the Book aforetime? But long ages passed over them and their hearts grew hard? For many among them are rebellious transgressors."
So what are the necessary steps to develop Al Khushoo’
1‐ Complete consciousness or presence of mind during the performance of the Salaah (Prayer).
This means emptying the heart of everything except remembrance of Allah (swt). This can only be achieved if one focuses his attention upon keeping the heart restricted. This will result in making the heart conscious and would restrict it to concentrating upon what its owner wants.
2‐ Understanding what is said during the Salaah.
This is a very important aspect to develop humility and consciousness while performing the Salaah. We should clearly understand the meaning of the words as well as the principles founded in them and savor these meanings whilst reciting them in the Salaah. This would assist the concentration greatly.
3‐Feeling Allah’s Majesty in the heart during the performance of the Salaah.
Understanding the meaning of what is recited not only assist in developing the consciousness that is necessary in the Salaah but it also assists in the ‘abd (servant) feeling Allah’s Majesty in his heart. That Allah (swt) is the Greatest. He (swt) owns everything and He (swt) has power to do all things.
4‐Showing reverence to Allah (swt).
This is really a manifestation of fear for Allah (swt) by His servant, This results when the servant becomes aware of Allah’s Greatness and Majesty. Fear is what restrains the servant from being disobedient and compels him to worship his Lord. When fear is absent the servant becomes negligent and it becomes easy for him to commit sins. However, it must be known that too much fear brings about hopelessness and despair. Therefore, one must follow the middle course, which is to fear the punishment of Allah and hope for His Mercy.
5. Feeling ashamed and insignificant before Allah (swt).
This comes about when the worshipper knows that he is weak and commits sins by day and night, and he realizes that Allah is aware of this.
We should also try to convince ourselves that this might be our final farewell prayer as the Messenger of Allah(swt) said:
“Pray a farewell prayer as if you see Him...” [Tabaraani, Ibn Majah, Ahmad]
Our aim behind establishing prayer should be what Allah (swt) made as the aim.
He (swt) says:
“Establish Prayer for My remembrance.” [Taha 20:14]

Halaqa # 5

Humility in Prayer

  • 7 Sisters
  • 2  Junior Sisters
Location:  Headquarters
Agenda: (please note, we have included many links where you can read in detail more on each subject)

We opened with a short dua about having good relations taken from the website:  The Islamic Workplace

Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet taught him to say this supplication:

O Allah, bring our hearts together and make our relations good. Guide us to the paths of peace and bring us out of the darkness and into the light. Keep us away from lewdness, both hidden and open. O Allah, bless us in our hearing and our sight, in our hearts, our wives and our offspring. Turn unto us, for You are the Oft-Turning, the Oft-Merciful. Make us thankful for Your blessings and complete it upon us.” (Related by Ahmad and Abu Dawud.)

Source: Fiqh-us-Sunnah, Volume 1, #161

When researching the source we discovered a complete PDF of Fiqh us Sunnah and a brief explanation of the history of this dua.

Fiqh 1.161:

Sunnah acts of prayer, Supplications After the Last Tashahud and Before the Tasleem

It is preferred for the person to supplicate after the final tashahud and before making the final salutations (that end the prayer). The person may ask for whatever he wishes of the good of this life and the hereafter. Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, taught him the tashahud and then said, "Then choose whatever you wish to ask (of Allah)." (Related by Muslim.) Supplications are preferred acts in general, regardless of whether they are reported from the Prophet or not, although supplications authenticated by the sunnah are better. The above prayer is listed as number 9 under Fiqh 1.161 (click on the link above for a complete pdf of Fiqh us Sunnah)

We read Surah Faatihah aloud altogether, then sisters individually read aloud a few letters/words, ayahs (according to her ability and with the help and encouragement of her fellow sisters).  We read Surah Baqarah from Ayat 49 till Ayat 69.  In sha Allah, this will be an ongoing part of our halaqa and one day in sha Allah, we will have Khatam Quran and begin again.

Sister Lamiaa presented a very informative talk on Humility in Prayer; to read a summary of her talk, click here.  Following her talk, we had a discussion session with some questions and answers from all present.

We added a new feature to our halaqa, Borrow a Book, where a small selection of our lending library books were circulated amongst the sisters for them to choose which books they would like to borrow.

Then Sister Winnie presented a simple dua geared to our junior members.

Dua to say when Ascending and Descending (when travelling):  

Jabir (RA) said: While ascending, we would say: “Allah is the greatest.” - Allaahu Akbar

Jabir (RA) said: When descending, we would say: “How far from imperfections Allah is.” Subḥaan-Allaah  source:


This dua is not meant to be used inside the home for going up or down stairs.  Please read through the explanation taken from Islam Q &A.  not for stairs

  • VIDEO  
We watched an informative video by


To listen to the Dua: Click here then choose Dua 084

سُبْحـانَكَ وَبِحَمدِك، لا إِلهَ إِلاّ أَنْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتوبُ إِلَـيْك.

AAaishah (r.a.a) said: Whenever The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) would betake a seat, read Quran or pray, he would always conclude it with certain words, I (i.e. AAaishah) said: O Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.), I have noticed that whenever you betake a seat, read Quran or pray, you always conclude it with these words. He said: Yes, whoever speaks good, it (i.e. the supplication) will be a seal for that goodness and whoever speaks ill, it will be an atonement for him.’
Subhanaka wabihamdik, la ilaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa-atoobu ilayk.
‘How perfect You are and I praise You. None has the right to be worshipped except You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn in repentance to You.’

If any of this information was good and true, know that it comes from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.  If there are mistakes we ask for Allah’s Forgiveness and Mercy.